Saturday, November 17, 2018

Serra da Capivara National Park - Piauí State

Many of the numerous rock shelters in the Serra da Capivara National Park are decorated with cave paintings, some more than 25,000 years old. They are an outstanding testimony to one of the oldest human communities of South America.
Photo: site ICMBio

The Park covers nearly 129, 140 hectares and has a circumference of 214 kilometres. It is situated in the morphoclimatic zone of the Brazilian Caatinga, distinguished by the multiplicity of plant formations typical of the semi-arid regions of Northeast Brazil. The region’s plant species are primarily characterized by the loss of most of their leaves during the dry season, extending from May to December, serving to lend the landscape its silver hue. The region borders two major geological formations – the Maranhão-Piauí sediment basin and the peripheral depression of the São Francisco River – and is endowed with a diversity of relief vegetation and landscapes of breathtaking beauty and dotted with exceptional vistas of the surrounding valleys, mountains, and plains.

The area houses one of the most important archaeological sites in the Americas containing evidence and artefacts that have forced a sweeping re-evaluation of the fundamental traditional theories underpinning the origins of human settlement in the Americas.

Over 300 archaeological sites have been found within the park, the majority consisting of rock and wall paintings dating from 50,000-30,000 years Before Present. Many of the numerous rock shelters in the Serra da Capivara National Park are decorated with rock paintings, some more than 25,000 years old. The analyses and dating of the evidence and artefacts found in the Serra da Capivara National Park serve to confirm the millennial presence of human beings on the American continent and the importance of the heritage. (source: unesco). It became a World Heritage Site in 1991. Its head archaeologist is Niède Guidon. Its best known archaeological site is Pedra Furada.


In any season one can visit the Serra da Capivara National Park. The landscapes of the rainy season (locally called "winter") and dry season (locally called "summer") provide different experiences of environmental colors and the flora and fauna adaptations to life in the Caatinga. From January to July the weather is mild and the vegetation has leaves and flowers, providing a more shaded area for hiking. After the rains, one can observe temporary waterfalls along the escarpment. In May and June the vegetation gets red, yellow and brown hues announcing the loss of leaves. From August to November is the hottest time of the year and most of the vegetation has no leaves.


The park administration is headquartered in São Raimundo Nonato/PI, which is 26 km far from the access to Guardhouse Boqueirão da Pedra Furada and 19 km from the access to Guardhouse Serra Vermelha, both in the National Park's boundaries.


The best way to get to Serra da Capivara National Park is to go by plane to Petrolina/PE, and from there go about 300km to São Raimundo Nonato. The airport of Sao Raimundo Nonato is under construction, but the aistrip already receives small aircraft.

There is currently no public transportation from São Raimundo Nonato or Coronel José Dias to the park's entrances.

Source: bnbparks
Photos: Google

Tamanduá, photo André Pessoa

Friday, October 26, 2018

Sete Cidades National Park - Piauí State

The park contains arid savanna forest (babassu forests] and areas of contact between savanna, arid savanna, and seasonal forest. It protects an important geological formation and conserves water resources in a dry region. The geological monuments are the main attraction. The park also has some pre-historic cave paintings and inscriptions.

Beauty of millions of years!

Sete Cidades ('Seven Cities') National Park contains seven rock outcrops, called cidades (cities). A 12km walk will get you around.

Visitors are encouraged to see the National Park in a very Brazilian way. There is little information about the geological evolution or structure of the rock formations. Visitors are invited to use their imagination to decide what the rocks might resemble.

The Sete Cidades National Park (Seven Cities), established in 1961, is located in the northeast part of Piauí state, in the municipalities of Piracuruca and Brasileira. The Park covers an area of 6,221.48 hectares, where most of the found flora is typical of cerrado with caatinga spots. Throughout the course of the rivers and springs there are forest spots and aquatic plants living in natural pools and lakes, also beautiful waterfalls.

The site hosts rock formations of about 190 million years old and rich rock inscriptions. The park gets its name because of the different rock groups that seem to form small "cities", exciting visitor's imagination. (search: bnparks).

When to go: The climate is tropical, with average annual temperatures between 25°C. The best time to visit the park is from January to June, when the waterfalls are fuller. The driest season is from June to December.

The city of Piripiri, where the Park's headquarters is located, can be reached by two state capitals:

Teresina, Piaui's capital, lies 165 km from Piripiri through BR-343 highway. Arriving at Posto Petecas, in Piripiri-PI, go straight to the BR-222 highway for 10 km and turn left to the Park's entrance at the km nº 64. 

Fortaleza, Ceará's capital, lies 410 km from km nº 64 through BR-222 highway.

See more setecidades